Cookies and Privacy Policy


Who we are

Our website address is: (the Site)


This notice directs users to information and choices about cookies and informs our users about the privacy and security of personal data.


When visitors leave comments or submit information on the site we collect the data shown in the comments form, and also the visitor’s IP address and browser user agent string to help spam detection.

An anonymized string created from your email address (also called a hash) may be provided to the Gravatar service to see if you are using it. The Gravatar service privacy policy is available here: After approval of your comment, your profile picture is visible to the public in the context of your comment.

Third-Party Cookies

These cookies are set by entities other than the owner of the website you’re visiting. We use third parties to deliver various services on our Site. For example, we use Jetpack from Automatic for spam detection (more information); Google for audience analytics, ad serving, and targeting (more information). We also use Facebook and Twitter for social logins. These service providers use cookies, does not control these cookies. You can find information about their cookies policies below:

  • Google (Advertising, Analytics, Notifications, Cloud Storage)
  • Mailchimp (e-mail services)
  • Twitter (Social Media Authentication)
  • Facebook (Social Media Authentication and Targeted Marketing)
  • Twillio (SMS verification)
  • Typeform (Surveys and forms)
  • Amazon AWS (Cloud computing)

Website Analytics and Performance Cookies

We use Google Analytics to help us understand how visitors engage with our Sites. Google Analytics uses cookies to store non-personally identifiable information. You can find out more about Analytics cookies and privacy information.

Personalized Advertising and Targeting Cookies

Personalization of ads improves the relevance of the adverts you see and the value these ads create for advertisers. This helps fund our Sites, keeping our free services. We can not identify you by personalizing ads.

Advertisers may use third parties technology to target an ad. These third parties may use the information they collected from your use of other websites to create an ad profile that informs the ads they show you.

If you are primarily concerned about third-party cookies generated by advertisers, you can manage your preferences by going to

Controlling individual cookies

You can control and/or delete cookies as you wish through your browser. You can delete all cookies that are already on your computer and you can set most browsers to prevent them from being placed.

You can manage your cookies preferences directly in individual browsers here:

If you do this, however, you may have to manually adjust some preferences every time you visit a site and some services and functionalities may not work.

You can learn in greater detail about cookies and how to manage them here:

Local Storage

Local Storage is another common way we save data, similar to cookies, but the data is not automatically sent to the website server by the user’s browser.

Data stored locally has no expiration date and will exist until the browser cache is manually cleared. On your PC, if you are using Internet Explorer, Edge, Google Chrome, or Mozilla Firefox you can quickly clear your cache with a keyboard shortcut. While in your browser, press Ctrl + Shift + Delete simultaneously on the keyboard to open the appropriate window. On MacOS the shortcut is Command + Shift + Delete.

Embedded content from other websites

Articles on this site may include embedded content (e.g. videos, images, articles, etc.). Embedded content from other websites behaves in the exact same way as if the visitor has visited the other website.

These websites may collect data about you, use cookies, embed additional third-party tracking, and monitor your interaction with that embedded content, including tracking your interaction with the embedded content if you have an account and are logged in to that website.



Introduction is committed to protecting your Personal Data. This Privacy Notice applies to your use of the websites and applications (each, a “Site”) and sets out how we collect, use, and protect your personal data. If you do not agree with the data practices described in this Privacy Notice, please do not use the Sites.

We comply with Data Protection Law and this Notice applies to the personal data collected, processed, and stored by us through your use of a Site. Under Data Protection Law, personal data is information that identifies you as an individual or is capable of doing so.

For the purposes of Data Protection Law, we are the data controller of your Personal Data. You will find our contact details in the “Contact us” section.

Who we share your data with

The following is the list of companies we work with and may process data on our behalf. We include links to their privacy policy (available at the time of writing) for convenience:

  • Google (Advertising, Analytics, Notifications, Office Software and Cloud Storage)
  • Mailchimp (e-mail services)
  • Twitter and Linkedin (Social Media Authentication)
  • Facebook (Social Media Authentication and Targeted Marketing)
  • Twillio (SMS verification)
  • StripePaypal (Payments)
  • WooCommerce (e-Commerce)
  • Amazon AWS (Cloud computing)
  • JetPack / WordPress & Gravatar (Website features & security)

How long do we retain your data

The period for which we retain information varies according to the use of that information. In some cases, there are legal requirements to keep data for a minimum period of time. Unless specific legal requirements dictate otherwise, we will retain information no longer than is necessary for the purposes for which the data were collected and processed (as described above).

User profiles may include personal data, for example when linked to a social media account. This information will be held for as long as you hold a user profile. Following the termination of a user profile, we will retain the profile information for a period of up to two years.

Personal data collected from commenting will be kept for the lifetime of the article commented on.

Personal data submitted through participating in surveys will be kept for up to two years then aggregated (whereby the data is no longer personal data) and/or anonymized.

Following termination of the Terms of Use of a Site, your Personal Data shall continue to be retained for a period of seven years from the date of termination in accordance with Irish statutory limitation periods.

What rights do you have over your data?

If you have an account on this site or have left comments, you can request to receive an exported file of the personal data we hold about you, including any data you have provided to us. You can also request that we erase any personal data we hold about you. This does not include any data we are obliged to keep for administrative, legal, or security purposes.

Where we send your data

How do We protect data about you when or if it is transferred out of Europe?

Our site ( is published in Ireland and is governed by Data Protection Law and Irish law.

We do not transfer any Personal Data outside of the EEA. However, certain third parties providing services to our Sites may transfer data outside of the EEA for example, for storage purposes. These third parties include, for example, Google.

How you can exercise your rights in respect of Personal Data we hold about you

We shall vindicate all your rights under Data Protection Law. These rights are as follows:

  • your right to withdraw your consent to the processing of Personal Data at any time
  • your right to request from us access to personal data and to have any incorrect personal data rectified
  • your right to the restriction of processing concerning you or to object to processing
  • your right to have your personal data transferred to another service provider
  • your right to have personal data erased (where appropriate)
  • information on the existence of automated decision-making, if any, as well as meaningful information about the logic involved, its significance, and its envisaged consequences

Vindication of your rights shall not affect any rights which we may have under Data Protection Law.

Exercising your rights, managing information, and opting out

You may update or change information related to your account by updating the social media account linked to your profile, or by sending us an e-mail at You may request that your information be removed from a Site by e-mailing us at the address provided above. You may also unsubscribe from our marketing communications by clicking on the “unsubscribe” link located on the bottom of our e-mails.

You can update or correct your Personal Data, remove it from our system or exercise any of your rights by making a request to us at the contact information provided below. If for some reason access is denied, we will provide an explanation of why access has been denied.

We will confirm your request within 21 days of receipt, and process your request within 30 days of receipt.

How does a Site protect personal information about you?

We employ reasonable appropriate administrative, technical, personnel procedural, and physical measures to safeguard Personal Data against loss, theft, and unauthorized uses access, use, or modifications. Security and testing are performed on systems containing personal data to verify control effectiveness. The security of these systems is monitored continuously.

While we try our best to safeguard your information once we receive it, no transmission of data over the Internet or any other public network can be guaranteed to be 100% secure. It is important for you to protect against unauthorized access to your password and to your computer. Be sure to sign off when finished using a shared computer

How can you make a complaint about the Use of Personal Data?

Complaints on the use, retention, and disposal of personal data can be submitted via email to

As a user of the Site, you also have the right also to lodge a complaint with the Data Protection Commission.


If you upload images to the website, you should avoid uploading images with embedded location data (EXIF GPS) included. Visitors to the website can download and extract any location data from images on the website.


This policy will be reviewed and updated from time to time to consider changes in the law and the experience of the policy in practice. Any and all changes will be advised to customers and, if necessary, we will obtain your consent prior to applying any changes to any Personal Data collected from you prior to the date the change becomes effective. Your continued use of a Site after such changes will be subject to the then-current policy. We encourage you to periodically review this Privacy Notice to stay informed about how we collect, use, and disclose personal information.

Contact information

If you have questions about this Privacy Notice or our treatment of the information provided to us, please contact us at:

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